Peter Howard Jones (MA, FRSA, FRSE, FSA) philosopher was born in London on 18 December 1935. He was educated at Highgate School London and at Queen’s College Cambridge. He graduated MA and was a research student at Cambridge in 1961–1963.
Professor of Moral Philosophy, University of Glasgow
1852 to 1921
Sir Henry Jones was born 30 November 1852 in Llangernyw in Denbighshire, Wales, the son of Elias Jones and Elizabeth Williams. He left school at the age of twelve to be an apprentice to his father, a shoemaker, but managed to complete his education and became a teacher as well as a Presbyterian minister. With a scholarship in 1875 he enrolled at the University of Glasgow, studying philosophy under former Gifford lecturer Edward Caird, and graduated in 1878.
Professor of Dogmatics, Dominican School of Theology Le Saulchoir
Jean-Pierre Jossua was born in 1930 to Jewish parents from Salonica. After living in Argentina and Nice, and having been a civil servant, he became a Christian when he entered the Dominican order. According to his biographer P. Charles Chauvin, the forty years of Jossua’s adult life can be divided in two stages: twenty years of teaching and twenty years of writing. For Jossua, Chauvin writes, transcendence is at the same time a confidence in and a transgression of language (Chauvin, Une Vie, 2001).
Sir Anthony Kenny, former Warden of Rhodes House, Oxford, is one of Britain's most distinguished academic figures. He has been Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Master of Balliol College, Oxford, Chairman of the Board of the British Library, and President of the British Academy. He is an acclaimed expert in classical philosophy and has a keen interest in the nature of human action and freewill. He participated in the Glasgow Centenary Gifford Lectures lecturing on ‘The Kingdom of the Mind’.
Thomas Malcolm Knox was born on 28 November 1900 in Birkenhead, Cheshire, to Isabella Marshal and John Knox, a congregational minister. He was educated at Bury Grammar School and the Liverpool Institute, and received a scholarship to Pembroke College, Oxford, where he achieved a first in literae humaniores.
Wolfgang Köhler who would become one of the leaders in the development of Gestalt psychology was born into a German family 21 January 1887 in Reval Estonia. His parents soon moved the family to Germany where his father was a schoolmaster. Köhler studied at the universities of Tübingen and Bonn. At the University of Berlin where he earned his Ph.D. (1909) Köhler studied psychology and physics under Karl Stumpf and Max Planck.
Formerly Professor of Philosophy, University of Prague
1872 to 1942
Oskar Kraus was born in Prague on 24 July 1872. After attending the German State School (Staatsgymnasium) Kraus began studying the philosophy of law at Prague in 1890. His philosophical teachers were Anton Marty and Friedrich Jodl. It was through Marty that Kraus first fell under the significant intellectual influence of Franz Brentano whom he met for the first time in 1893. Graduating from Prague in 1895 Kraus sought a career at the Finanzprokuratur in 1896. In 1902 he earned completed his habilitationsschrift on ‘The Theory of Value: A Benthem Study’.
Richard Kroner was born in 1884. Not much is known about his childhood, and he is most prominently known as German neo-Hegelian Philosopher who authored Von Kant bis Hegel (1921/4), a classic history of German idealism written from then neo-Hegelian point of view. He is also known for his formulation of Hegel as ‘the Protestant Aquinas’.
Regius Professor Moral Philosophy, University of Aberdeen
1887 to 1946
The philosopher John Laird was born at Durris Kincardineshire on 17 May 1887. His father Rev. D. M. W. Laird was a third-generation Church of Scotland minister and his mother Margaret Laird (née Steward) was the daughter of the local schoolmaster John Steward. Of their several children John was the eldest.
Linguist George Lakoff was born in Bayonne New Jersey on 24 May 1941 to Herman and Ida Lakoff. After earning a Ph.D. in linguistics by Indiana University in 1966 Lakoff taught at Harvard University (19651969) and the University of Michigan (19691971) and was a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford (19711972). Since 1972 he has served as Professor of Linguistics at the University of California Berkeley.
Professor of Ancient Topography, University of Rome
1846 to 1929
Many of the early Gifford lecturers had broad interests; Rodolfo Lanciani’s went deep. Rome was his passion and cartographical archaeology his life. Born in Rome sometime from 1845-1847, Lanciani was trained as an engineer in either Rome or Montecello. By the age of twenty, he was already working as an archaeologist.
Andrew Lang was an unusual Gifford lecturer. Like other Gifford lecturers, he was scholar, but not of the natural sciences. He was a classicist, compiler of folklore and mythology, anthropologist, and historian. Also, like other early Gifford lecturers, he was interested in the controversial field of “psychical research”.
Christina Jessy Larner, Senior Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, was born on 22 September 1933, in northwest London, eldest of five children born to John and Nella (née Wallace) MacDonald Ross. Her father, a Senior Civil Servant in the Home Office and a Presbyterian Lay Preacher, had read Greats at Oxford. Her mother had read history at London University.
Educationist and philosopher Simon Sommerville Laurie was born on 13 November 1829 in Edinburgh. His parents, James Laurie (a chaplain to the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary) and Jean Somerville (the daughter of a Presbyterian minister), were not financially well off. Laurie began to tutor younger students early in his life in order to pay for his education at Edinburgh University from 1844 to 1849. He then moved to London and travelled to Ireland, as well as other locations in Europe, where he worked as a tutor.
Professor of History and Philosophy of Religion, University of London
1910 to 1992
Hywel David Lewis was born in Llandudno, Wales in 1910 and passed away in 1992. His education occurred at the University College of North Wales, where he graduated with a first-class degree in philosophy in 1932 and continued on at Jesus College Oxford to receive a BLitt in 1935. He was professor of philosophy at the University College of North Wales from 1947 to 1955 and thereafter professor of the history and philosophy of religion in the University of London King’s College from 1955 to 1977.
Professor of Geography and Intellectual History at the Queen's University of Belfast
David Livingstone is Professor of Geography and Intellectual History at the Queen's University of Belfast where he works on the history of geographical ideas and the historical geographies of science and religion. He is currently completing an intellectual history of climatic reductionism, funded by a Leverhulme Trust Major Research Fellowship, under the title “The Empire of Climate”.
Alasdair Chalmers MacIntyre was born 12 January 1929 in Glasgow Scotland to John and Emily (Chalmers) MacIntyre. After he received his education at the University of London and Oxford University, he began his teaching career at Manchester University in 1951. He also taught at Leeds University, Essex University and Oxford University. In 1969 he came to the United States and took a position as professor of the history of ideas at Brandeis University. In 1972 he was appointed dean of the College of Liberal Arts and professor of philosophy at Boston University.
Emeritus Professor Dept. of Communication & Neuroscience, Univ. of Keele
1922 to 1987
Donald MacCrimmon MacKay was born in Caithness Scotland in the northern fishing village of Lybster in 1922. He studied physics at St. Andrews University graduating in 1943. Following three years of service with the British Admiralty he pursued postgraduate research into the limitations of high-speed electronic analogue computers receiving a Ph.D. in 1951.
Donald MacKinnon was educated at Cargilfield School Edinburgh (1921–26) Winchester College (1926–31) and New College Oxford (1931–35) where he also held a scholarship and graduated in both Greats and Theology. After Edinburgh MacKinnon became a fellow and tutor at Keble College Oxford (1937–47) and held the Wilde lectureship in Natural and Comparative Religion (1945–47). At the age of thirty-four MacKinnon was appointed to the Regis chair of Moral Philosophy in Aberdeen University (1947–60).
Roderick Diarmid Maclennan was born on 13 October 1898 at Laggan Inverness-shire to Duncan Macrae Maclennan and Isabella Margaret Macpherson. His early education took place in New Zealand from 1903 to 1912 before he returned to Scotland to study at Kingussie (1914–15), Oban High School (1916–17) and the University of Edinburgh. Maclennan began his MA in philosophy in 1917, but his studies were interrupted by military service in the First World War. He was wounded while serving in France in 1918. He completed his MA with first class honours in 1925.