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George Frederick Stout

Professor of Logic and Metaphysics, University of St. Andrews
1860 to 1944

G. F. (George Frederick) Stout, born in 1860, has been regarded as both a philosopher and a psychologist. He studied at Cambridge under James Ward, a former Gifford lecturer. In 1896 the University of Aberdeen appointed him to a new lectureship in Comparative Psychology. In 1903 Stout moved to St. Andrews as Professor of Logic and Metaphysics. He was also editor of Mind from 1891 to 1920.

Stout’s best-known books, Analytical Psychology (1896) and Manual of Psychology (first published in 1898), underwent several revisions. For several generations of psychology students in Britain, these were standard texts. However, Stout was not himself an experimenter, and by the time he came to St. Andrews his principal interests were largely philosophical. Stout remained at St. Andrews until his retirement over thirty years later.

During that time, several gifted young psychologists came and went. In 1926 C. A. Mace was appointed to a lectureship in the Department of Logic & Metaphysics. He assisted Stout in revising his Manual, and introduced into it the term ‘experimental psychology’, which it was felt Stout did not welcome.

Stout’s wife died in St. Andrews. After he retired from the St. Andrews chair in 1936, he joined his son in Australia, and died in Sydney in 1944.