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This second course of Lectures was delivered on Lord Gifford's Foundation before the University of St. Andrews during the academic year 1932–3. I have once more to thank both those who appointed me and those who listened to me for doing me so much honour. As for my subject, although so far as I can tell the method remains unchanged since I published Faith, Hope, and Charity in Primitive Religion last year, I have tried to look at the facts in a fresh light, passing on from the aspect of sentiment to that of ritual, and considering the latter with special reference to what I have sought to distinguish as its sacramental features. Such a line of inquiry would, I feel sure, prove almost infinitely fruitful if resolutely followed up, and I can only hope that my treatment of it, however slight, will encourage others to carry on further studies in the same direction. For the rest, some critics of my former book, though very kind on the whole, have accused me of being an optimist. Well, what of it? Cannot we all agree to believe in the destiny of Man, and in the reality of a power of goodness ensuring him a universe essentially worthy of his efforts to be at one alike with it and with himself?

R. R. M.


Feb. 6, 1933.