Gifford Lectures
Help | Site Map | About Us | Contact Usspacer


Any Word


Author


Keyword


Book
  



  What’s New

2014 Gifford Lecture Series: University of Edinburgh

What is Caesar’s? Adjudicating Faith in Modern Constitutional Democracies to be held on Monday 19 May 2014. [More…]

2014 Gifford Lecture Series: University of Glasgow

Givenness and Revelation begins Tuesday 20 May 2014. [More…]

YouTube Channel

Gifford Lectures now has a YouTube Channel! [More…]

Links

A new Gifford Lectures page for St. Andrews. [More…]

Eight Books Based on Gifford Lectures

Eight books derived from the Gifford lectures are available. [More…]

spacer

  Follow Us On

Facebook Twitter YouTube

  Authors

Noam Chomsky

1928 -

Institute Professor of Linguistics, Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Lectures

Biography

Noam Chomsky was born to William and Elsie (Simonfsky) Chomsky in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on 7 December 1928. William, a Hebrew scholar of some reputation, had emigrated from Russia to the United States. In 1945, Noam Chomsky entered the University of Pennsylvania, from which he received a B.A. degree in 1949, an M.A. degree in 1951, and a Ph.D. in 1955. In 1949 Chomsky married the linguist Carol Schatz. They have three children.
While at the University of Pennsylvania, Noam Chomsky met the noted linguist Zellig Harris, who founded at Penn the first department of linguistics at a U.S. university. From 1951 to 1955, Chomsky was a Fellow of the Harvard University Society of Fellows. It was during this time that he developed a theory of transformational (sometimes referred to as generative or transformational-generative) grammar that transformed the scientific study of language. With this theory, he argues that a deep structure is the same for all language and that human mastery of language is genetically determined, not learned. Humans learn the surface structures of language. Chomsky’s Ph.D. dissertation, Transformational Analysis (1955), was later published as part of The Logical Structure of Linguistic Theory (1975). Professor Chomsky’s work has influenced not only the study of language but of psychology as well.
Professor Chomsky has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955. While teaching at MIT, Dr. Chomsky has held a variety of visiting professorships at Columbia, UCLA, University of California at Berkeley and Syracuse University. In addition, he has held numerous distinguished lectureships, including: the John Locke Lecture (Oxford), the Bertrand Russell Memorial Lecture (Cambridge), the Nehru Memorial Lecture (University of New Delhi), the Huizinga Lecture (University of Leiden), the Woodbridge Lecture (Columbia University), the Kant Lecture (Stanford University), and the Gifford Lecture (University of Edinburgh). He holds honorary degrees from over twenty universities. Professor Chomsky was a member of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton and has received numerous awards, including the MacArthur Award and the Orwell Award.
Although he is known as a linguist and teacher, Professor Chomsky may be equally well known as a political activist and social critic. He was an early critic of U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. Among his many political writings are American Power and the New Mandarins (1969), Peace and the Middle East? (1974), Rogue States (2000), 9-11 (2002), and Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy(2006).
A partial listing of Dr. Chomsky’s more that thirty publications include: Syntactic Structures (1957), Current Issues in Linguistic Theory (1964), Language and Mind(1972), Studies on Semantics in Generative Grammar(1972), Knowledge of Language (1986), On Power and Ideology (1987), Language and Problems of Knowledge (1987), Language and Thought (1993), and New Horizons in the Study of Language and Mind.
Larry Pullen
Templeton Press